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经典Academic Essay写作方法(附Academic Essay范文一篇)

日(ri)期:2021年(nian)01月16日(ri) 编辑:ad200904242025371901 作(zuo)者:www.51lunwen.com 点击次(ci)数:880
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论文地区(qu):其他 论文(wen)语种(zhong):中文(wen) 论(lun)文用途(tu):硕(shuo)士(shi)课(ke)程(cheng)论(lun)文 Master Assignment

由于疫情的(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)因,很多本该2020年9月入学(xue)(xue)的(de)(de)(de)学(xue)(xue)生(sheng),都被学(xue)(xue)校delay到(dao)了(le)2021年年初,小编的(de)(de)(de)好(hao)(hao)几个学(xue)(xue)生(sheng)也是(shi)这(zhei)样,最(zui)近在家积极(ji)预习,希望(wang)能在入学(xue)(xue)后尽快融入到(dao)英语学(xue)(xue)习氛围当(dang)中(zhong),不掉队。那(nei)么作为即将入学(xue)(xue)的(de)(de)(de)准留学(xue)(xue)生(sheng),大部分(fen)应该都考(kao)(kao)过雅(ya)思(si)托福,对Essay都不会太(tai)陌生(sheng),但是(shi)雅(ya)思(si)考(kao)(kao)试写Essay相对于即将面临的(de)(de)(de)专(zhuan)业Academic Essay还是(shi)略有不同(tong)。Academic Essay是(shi)某类科(ke)学(xue)(xue)领域(yu),在广泛现有知(zhi)识(shi)的(de)(de)(de)基础(chu)上,对某一(yi)(yi)问题进(jin)行论述,阐(chan)明自己(ji)的(de)(de)(de)新观点,利(li)用已有的(de)(de)(de)材料(liao)(知(zhi)识(shi)),阐(chan)述自己(ji)的(de)(de)(de)新见解。那(nei)么学(xue)(xue)生(sheng)们(men)想要把一(yi)(yi)篇Academic Essay写好(hao)(hao)就必须(xu)先对于它的(de)(de)(de)结(jie)构有一(yi)(yi)个清晰的(de)(de)(de)了(le)解和认识(shi)。

经典Academic Essay写作

一般来说Academic Essay的结(jie)构分为4个部分:Introduction,Body, Conclusion, Reference。

1. Introduction:

Introduction的(de)(de)(de)作用是让教授(shou)或(huo)(huo)者(zhe)读(du)(du)者(zhe)对(dui)将要(yao)读(du)(du)到(dao)的(de)(de)(de)这篇Essay有(you)个清晰的(de)(de)(de)认(ren)识(shi),分为三部分: 第(di)一(yi)部分用Topic句子引出你将要(yao)写(xie)的(de)(de)(de)这篇论文(wen)主(zhu)题(ti)(ti)。第(di)二部分,提供一(yi)些与该主(zhu)题(ti)(ti)相关(guan)的(de)(de)(de)背景(jing),或(huo)(huo)给(ji)出统计数据来(lai)显示该主(zhu)题(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)性,或(huo)(huo)提供该主(zhu)题(ti)(ti)相关(guan)重要(yao)性的(de)(de)(de)例子。第(di)三部分起到(dao)承上启(qi)下的(de)(de)(de)作用。在(zai)看完Introduction后(hou),教授(shou)对(dui)你将要(yao)呈现出的(de)(de)(de)essay是有(you)个大(da)致预判的(de)(de)(de),而不是在(zai)看完Introduction后(hou)还一(yi)头雾水(shui)不知道你这篇想(xiang)写(xie)什(shen)么。Introduction字数一(yi)般占(zhan)全(quan)文(wen)的(de)(de)(de)10-15%左右(you)即(ji)可(ke)。宗旨:简单(dan)陈述主(zhu)题(ti)(ti)以及重要(yao)性,缩小主(zhu)题(ti)(ti)范围,让读(du)(du)者(zhe)大(da)致你了解将要(yao)写(xie)的(de)(de)(de)内容(rong)。

2. Body:

这是(shi)(shi)(shi)论(lun)文(wen)主(zhu)(zhu)体部分,占总字数(shu)70-80%左(zuo)右(you)(you)。如(ru)果教授(shou)布置的(de)(de)作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)做了(le)具(ju)(ju)体要求(qiu),就根据(ju)作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)提到的(de)(de)几个(ge)方(fang)(fang)面(mian)来逐(zhu)一(yi)(yi)讨(tao)论(lun)就可以(yi)。如(ru)果作(zuo)(zuo)业(ye)没(mei)有(you)作(zuo)(zuo)具(ju)(ju)体要求(qiu),就根据(ju)自(zi)己的(de)(de)构思(si)来写,但(dan)必须有(you)逻辑性而且围(wei)绕着Topic,紧(jin)扣主(zhu)(zhu)题。一(yi)(yi)般(ban)提出2-3个(ge)不(bu)(bu)同(tong)的(de)(de)论(lun)点(dian)(dian)(可根据(ju)论(lun)文(wen)字数(shu)要求(qiu)增减),逐(zhu)一(yi)(yi)进行每(mei)个(ge)论(lun)点(dian)(dian)单独分析,提供论(lun)据(ju)。这也意(yi)(yi)味着Body部分在(zai)(zai)2-3个(ge)段落(luo)(luo)左(zuo)右(you)(you),段落(luo)(luo)与段落(luo)(luo)的(de)(de)论(lun)点(dian)(dian)不(bu)(bu)同(tong),所以(yi)段落(luo)(luo)之间要有(you)过渡(du)句(ju),保(bao)持连(lian)贯性。每(mei)个(ge)单独的(de)(de)段落(luo)(luo)都(dou)是(shi)(shi)(shi)独立,即(ji)包含(han)第(di)一(yi)(yi)句(ju)的(de)(de)Topic和最后一(yi)(yi)句(ju)的(de)(de)结尾总结,以(yi)及中间的(de)(de)主(zhu)(zhu)体句(ju)子和支撑的(de)(de)论(lun)点(dian)(dian)论(lun)据(ju),因(yin)此每(mei)个(ge)段落(luo)(luo)最好(hao)不(bu)(bu)要少(shao)于四个(ge)句(ju)子。那么在(zai)(zai)几个(ge)段落(luo)(luo)的(de)(de)顺序安排(pai)方(fang)(fang)面(mian),加上合适(shi)的(de)(de)过渡(du)词(ci)语(句(ju)),最好(hao)还有(you)一(yi)(yi)定的(de)(de)逻辑性。值(zhi)得注意(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)是(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)个(ge)段落(luo)(luo)有(you)且只有(you)一(yi)(yi)个(ge)主(zhu)(zhu)要观点(dian)(dian),学(xue)术论(lun)文(wen)讲究清晰(xi)(xi)明了(le),不(bu)(bu)要太复(fu)杂,让读者不(bu)(bu)知(zhi)道你想表达的(de)(de)观点(dian)(dian)到底是(shi)(shi)(shi)哪(na)个(ge),混淆、复(fu)杂、不(bu)(bu)易理解都(dou)是(shi)(shi)(shi)Academic Essay的(de)(de)大(da)忌。宗旨:越简单易懂、清晰(xi)(xi)明了(le)越好(hao)。如(ru)果你还不(bu)(bu)知(zhi)道要写多少(shao),要分几个(ge)论(lun)点(dian)(dian),请(qing)一(yi)(yi)定及时(shi)和教授(shou)沟通。

英国作业写作

3. Conclusion:

Conclusion放在文(wen)章的(de)(de)(de)最后其(qi)实就(jiu)是对(dui)整篇Essay的(de)(de)(de)总(zong)结,用总(zong)结性的(de)(de)(de)简洁语言复述以上这篇论文(wen)的(de)(de)(de)观点(dian),你所要表达的(de)(de)(de)东西,再(zai)次亮明你的(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)题。其(qi)字数大概占(zhan)10-15%。宗旨:总(zong)结复述本(ben)篇论文(wen)的(de)(de)(de)中心思想(xiang),Body中没有提(ti)及(ji)的(de)(de)(de)新的(de)(de)(de)论点(dian),千万不要在Conclusion 中提(ti)及(ji)。

4. Reference:

Reference,最重要的就是格式,一般都是APA格式,MLA格式或者哈佛格式。Reference写得好不一定会加分,但是写的乱七八糟一定会扣分,所以请一定认真仔细对待。

Essay怎么写

下面是一(yi)篇(pian)优秀(xiu)的Academic Essay范文赏析:

It can be said that a growing trend of overconsumption, particularly in Western industrialised nations is rising considerably. This phenomena extends to a wide range of goods and products which at one time were built to be repaired and reused, but now deemed too expensive to do so, are simply tossed aside to make way for a brand new version of themselves. Also, it can be said that in these same developed nations especially, individuals consume and purchase far too many products, which are all too quickly consumed and not re-used, repaired nor recycled and after their usefulness has passed, are simply discarded or sent to landfill refuse sites. The overconsumption of goods and products therefore is seen as one of many common problems arising in the 21st Century and will continue to be ever more problematic until action is taken. As populations rise and become more affluent and developed, the consumption of goods and natural resources generally tend to grow exponentially and in many cases unsustainably leading to serious consequences.http://guanli.51lunwenwang.com/ This essay will therefore discuss some of the main reasons for why overconsumption has become a worrying issue and a detrimental trend in the modern world. Also, possible strategies in which to reduce this growing epidemic in the future will be outlined and explored.


The reasons for overconsumption in modern developed societies could be said to be somewhat complex and not only linked to many countries’ greater affluence but also to satisfy individuals’ personal needs. Bourdieu (1984) states that in modern society, consumer patterns and buying behaviour represent an individual’s way of expressing the particular group to which they identify with in society. However, it could be stated that the main reasons for this increasing trend tend to be linked to industrially developed and developing societies of nations generally becoming more affluent; as well as the rise of modern machinery which can produce goods cheaper and more efficiently than ever before. A further factor could also be outlined in that a globalised economy is helping to buy and exchange goods on an immense international scale; which is further enhanced through global internet trading and increased economies of scale in modern manufacturing. Consequently, it can be deduced that it is mainly these phenomena which are driving the over consumption of goods in modern day society. Pape et al. (2011, p. 26) state that‘overconsumption in industrialised countries still presents major challenges to achieving sustaina

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